The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is a standardized test widely used as an admissions requirement for graduate and business school programs in various countries, including the United States. It is designed to assess the verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, analytical writing, and critical thinking skills of applicants.

Key features of the GRE include:

1. **Sections:**
– **Verbal Reasoning:** This section measures the ability to analyze and evaluate written material, synthesize information, and understand and interpret relationships between words and concepts.
– **Quantitative Reasoning:** This section assesses problem-solving ability using basic concepts of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis.
– **Analytical Writing:** This section consists of two tasks: “Analyze an Issue” and “Analyze an Argument.” Test-takers are required to write essays in response to these tasks to demonstrate their ability to articulate complex ideas and analyze arguments.

2. **Scoring:**
– Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning are scored on a scale of 130 to 170, in one-point increments.
– Analytical Writing is scored on a scale of 0 to 6, in half-point increments.

3. **Computer-Adaptive Test (CAT):**
– The GRE is a computer-adaptive test, meaning that the difficulty of questions is adjusted based on a test-taker’s performance. Correct answers result in more difficult subsequent questions, while incorrect answers lead to less challenging ones.

4. **Validity Period:**
– GRE scores are valid for five years. Test-takers can choose which scores to send to institutions, and institutions typically receive score reports that include the most recent three years of a test-taker’s scores.

5. **Test Format:**
– The GRE is administered in a computer-based format, but in some locations, a paper-based test may still be available.

6. **Test Dates:**
– The GRE is offered year-round at test centers around the world. Test-takers can register for the GRE based on their preferred test dates and locations.

The GRE is used by a wide range of graduate and business schools as part of their admissions process. While its importance varies by program, a strong GRE score can enhance an applicant’s competitiveness. It is important for prospective graduate students to check the specific admissions requirements of the programs to which they are applying, as some may also consider factors such as undergraduate GPA, letters of recommendation, and relevant work experience.