A Gazelle Company, in business terminology, refers to a high-growth company that experiences rapid and sustained revenue growth. The specific criteria for defining a Gazelle Company can vary, but it often involves a company that has achieved at least 20% annual revenue growth for four consecutive years or more, starting from a substantial revenue base (such as at least $100,000).

Here’s a breakdown of what a Gazelle Company is, how it works, and some examples:

### Characteristics of a Gazelle Company:

1. **High Growth:** Gazelle Companies are characterized by their ability to achieve and sustain high rates of revenue growth over an extended period.

2. **Scaling Quickly:** These companies typically scale quickly, expanding their operations, customer base, and market reach in a relatively short time.

3. **Innovation:** Many Gazelle Companies are innovative and disruptive, introducing new products, services, or business models that contribute to their rapid growth.

4. **Job Creation:** Due to their expansion, Gazelle Companies often contribute significantly to job creation, playing a vital role in economic development.

### How It Works:

– **Sustained Growth:** The key factor is sustained annual growth of at least 20% over four years or more. This level of growth is considered substantial and indicative of the company’s ability to capture market share.

– **Market Opportunity:** Gazelle Companies often identify and capitalize on significant market opportunities, meeting a demand that positions them for rapid expansion.

– **Investment and Financing:** Many Gazelle Companies attract investments from venture capitalists, private equity firms, or other sources of capital to fund their growth initiatives.

– **Operational Agility:** These companies are often agile in their operations, adapting quickly to changing market conditions and customer needs.

### Examples:

1. **Amazon:** Amazon is a classic example of a Gazelle Company. Starting as an online bookstore, it rapidly expanded its product offerings and became a global e-commerce giant, branching into various industries like cloud computing, entertainment, and more.

2. **Uber:** Uber, the ride-sharing platform, experienced explosive growth by disrupting the traditional taxi industry. Its innovative business model quickly scaled globally, transforming the transportation sector.

3. **Salesforce:** Salesforce, a cloud-based customer relationship management (CRM) platform, has consistently achieved high growth by offering innovative solutions in the software-as-a-service (SaaS) space.

4. **Zoom Video Communications:** Especially notable during the COVID-19 pandemic, Zoom experienced rapid growth as a video conferencing platform, meeting the increased demand for remote collaboration.

5. **Square:** Square, a financial technology company, quickly gained traction by providing mobile payment solutions for small businesses, disrupting traditional payment systems.

It’s important to note that the status of being a Gazelle Company is dynamic, and businesses may transition in and out of this category based on their growth trajectories. The concept of Gazelle Companies underscores their significant impact on economic development, innovation, and job creation.