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  • Post last modified:December 9, 2023
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Delisting refers to the removal of a listed security, such as a stock, from a stock exchange. When a security is delisted, it is no longer traded on the exchange, and investors can no longer buy or sell shares of that security through the exchange platform. Delisting can occur for various reasons, and the process is usually governed by the rules and regulations of the relevant stock exchange.

Common reasons for delisting include:

1. **Failure to Meet Listing Requirements:**
– Companies listed on stock exchanges are required to meet certain listing standards and requirements set by the exchange. These standards often include financial performance criteria, minimum share price thresholds, and governance standards. If a company fails to meet these requirements, the exchange may initiate the delisting process.

2. **Financial Distress:**
– Companies facing financial distress or bankruptcy may be subject to delisting if they are unable to meet the financial requirements of the exchange. Stock exchanges aim to maintain the integrity and reputation of their listings, and delisting may be initiated to protect investors.

3. **Voluntary Delisting:**
– In some cases, companies may choose to voluntarily delist from an exchange. This decision could be driven by strategic considerations, such as mergers, acquisitions, or a desire to move to a different stock exchange. The company typically communicates its intention to delist and seeks approval from the exchange and its shareholders.

4. **Mergers and Acquisitions:**
– Delisting may occur as a result of a merger or acquisition. If a company is acquired, and the acquiring company decides to merge the operations or if the target company no longer meets the listing requirements, the stock may be delisted.

5. **Regulatory Reasons:**
– Regulatory authorities may require the delisting of a security if there are violations of securities laws or if the company engages in fraudulent activities. Delisting can be part of the regulatory response to protect investors and maintain market integrity.

6. **Low Trading Volume:**
– Stocks with consistently low trading volumes may be at risk of delisting. Exchanges may have minimum trading volume requirements to ensure liquidity and active trading in listed securities.

The delisting process typically involves a series of steps:

1. **Notification:**
– The company is usually notified by the stock exchange of its failure to meet listing requirements or other grounds for potential delisting. The exchange may provide a specific timeframe for the company to address the issues.

2. **Appeal or Compliance Period:**
– In some cases, companies may have the opportunity to appeal the delisting decision or a specified period to regain compliance with listing requirements. This could involve implementing corrective measures to address financial or governance issues.

3. **Delisting:**
– If the company is unable to meet the exchange’s requirements within the specified timeframe, or if it chooses to proceed with voluntary delisting, the exchange formally delists the security.

4. **Communication to Shareholders:**
– The company typically communicates the delisting to its shareholders, providing information on how they can sell or transfer their shares outside the exchange.

5. **Transition to Other Markets:**
– In some cases, a company may choose to list its shares on another exchange or move to alternative trading platforms after delisting from one exchange.

Delisting has implications for investors, as they may need to adjust their investment portfolios, and liquidity in the security may be reduced. Companies facing delisting often work to address the underlying issues or consider alternative options to maintain their public listing status.