The term “Articles of Incorporation” refers to a legal document that is filed with the appropriate government agency when a business is being incorporated. This document marks the creation of a corporation and outlines fundamental information about the company. The Articles of Incorporation, also known as the “Certificate of Incorporation” or “Corporate Charter,” vary by jurisdiction, but they typically include key information such as:

1. **Corporate Name:** The legal name of the corporation, which must be unique and not already in use by another entity in the jurisdiction.

2. **Registered Office:** The physical location where legal documents and official communications can be sent, often required to be within the jurisdiction of incorporation.

3. **Registered Agent:** The person or entity responsible for receiving legal documents and official communications on behalf of the corporation.

4. **Purpose or Objectives:** A brief description of the purpose or objectives for which the corporation is being formed. In some jurisdictions, this section may be more general due to changes in corporate law that allow corporations to engage in a wide range of activities.

5. **Authorized Capital:** The total number of shares the corporation is authorized to issue and, sometimes, the types of shares (e.g., common, preferred).

6. **Classes of Stock:** Details about different classes of stock, if applicable, including rights and preferences associated with each class.

7. **Duration of the Corporation:** Some jurisdictions may require a statement regarding the intended duration of the corporation. In many cases, corporations are formed with perpetual existence.

8. **Incorporators:** The names and addresses of the individuals or entities responsible for establishing the corporation. These individuals are often the initial board of directors.

9. **Board of Directors:** The initial members of the board of directors and their addresses. Some jurisdictions may not require the listing of initial directors in the Articles of Incorporation.

10. **Other Provisions:** Additional provisions that the incorporators or founders wish to include, which may vary depending on the jurisdiction and the specific needs of the corporation.

Once the Articles of Incorporation are filed and approved by the relevant government agency (such as the Secretary of State in the United States), the corporation comes into existence as a legal entity separate from its owners. The Articles serve as the foundational legal document for the corporation, and they can be amended over time as the company evolves and its structure changes.

It’s important to note that the specific requirements for Articles of Incorporation can vary by jurisdiction and legal system. Additionally, different types of entities, such as limited liability companies (LLCs) or non-profit corporations, may have similar documents with different names and content specific to their structure and purpose.